The ABFDE Study Guide is intended to be used in conjunction with a formal training program as described in the current standard for minimum training requirements. The Objectives for Training outlines areas of study and the basic knowledge required in each area. The Syllabus is divided into these corresponding areas and lists recommended reading. QDARC is a database with more contemporary references that can be found by searching using “Training” as a keyword. Test questions are derived from these texts and articles.